Text: Anna Bromwich
Image: Flickr CC nikoretro
These last few weeks, fed up and exasperated, I’ve been dreaming exploring a number of Japanese gardens I’ve come across, hidden around the city. Many of these gardens I have stumbled on by accident, stowed away behind museums or on rooftops, waiting to be discovered. They fit, by their very calm and controlled nature, perfectly into the density of the city, providing a welcome relief from it, just for a moment.
The appearance of Japanese gardens in Paris dates back to the nineteenth century when ukiyo-e woodblock prints began to arrive in Paris, kicking off a craze for all things Japanese, aptly named japonisme. La Pagode Cinema in the 7th arrondissement is a fantastic example of this phenomenon: originally a ballroom, it was built in 1896 in Pagoda style architecture, and restyled into a cinema in 1931. The auditorium is decorated with ornate Edo style frescoes and the surrounding garden is planted with bamboo and guarded by bronze lions.
The banker and philanthropist Albert Kahn, with inspiration drawn from two trips to Japan, first began work on his Japanese style garden in Boulogne-Bilancourt in 1897. A Japanese garden still exists there today behind a museum created in his honour, though all that exists of the former is a large cedar tree. Designed by Fumiaki Takano the contemporary garden is one of the most extensive in Paris. The symbolism in the garden’s design is based upon fundamental Tao principles, although this garden was also designed to be a metaphor for Albert Kahn’s life. The museum itself is dedicated to some astoundingly early colour photography produced by photographers Kahn funded to travel the world. It is currently exhibiting the fruits of the Japanese leg of this voyage, including some beautiful images of early 20th century gardens.
One of the most stunning Japanese gardens in Paris was built in 1958 as part of the UNESCO Garden of Peace. Created by Japanese-American artist Isamu Noguchi, the garden was the first of its genre to be created by a sculptor as opposed to a landscape gardener and Noguchi clearly used his creative licence in its making. Most importantly it is possible to see Noguchi’s garden from an upper level thus taking in the bigger picture; traditionally Japanese gardens are seen only from one view point. The garden is also home to the Nagasaki Angel, originally belonging to the façade of the Urakami Church in Nagasaki. It miraculously survived the devastation of the city in 1945 and was donated to UNESCO by the Japanese government in 1976.
More recently built jardins japonaises include the Musée du Panthéon Bouddhique garden. An annex of the Musée Guimet, the museum was converted out of Émile Guimet’s hôtel particulier to house his collection of Asian art. The Japanese garden and tea pavilion were added behind the museum in 1992 and 2001 respectively. The garden is small but quaint, calm and orientated around a makeshift stream unobtrusively pumped around the stepping stones. Tea ceremonies are held at the Pavilion from time to time so it’s worth keeping an eye on the program.
To really see the influence Japanism had on French cultural life, it is worth taking a trip out to the Fondation Claude Monet in Giverny, once home to the celebrated Impressionist and site of his famous water lilies. The foundation boasts a series of Japanese Edo-era prints, from which a fascinated Monet took inspiration. Nowhere is this more evident than in his garden. A jardin d’eau, with its Japanese bridge and its flowers and fruit trees native to Japan, it recalls the woodblock prints that Monet collected. With the peace of the countryside and the dozens of cherry trees this is my choice for cherry blossom viewing when winter finally decides to decline.